Should Police Be Courteous?

I must add this important piece from today’s New York Times about “stop and frisks.

The numbers are staggering. The impact stunning. 600,000 stops; 84 percent of them were black or Latino subjects.

This is what happens when “stop and frisks” are not conducted civilly by police — that is, with discourtesy.

I am not saying that there is not a negative impact EVERY time someone is stopped, searched, handcuffed, and released. It is just that if they were done with courtesy, and an apology when the person is not a suspect, then the outcomes could be better.

In my book, I make the case for police COURTESY. At all times. No excuses.

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 Why Is the N.Y.P.D. After Me?

Nicholas K. Peart, 23, has been stopped and frisked by New York City police officers at least five times.

By NICHOLAS K. PEART

 December 17, 2011

WHEN I was 14, my mother told me not to panic if a police officer stopped me. And she cautioned me to carry ID and never run away from the police or I could be shot. In the nine years since my mother gave me this advice, I have had numerous occasions to consider her wisdom.

Nicholas Peart (photo New York Times)

One evening in August of 2006, I was celebrating my 18th birthday with my cousin and a friend. We were staying at my sister’s house on 96th Street and Amsterdam Avenue in Manhattan and decided to walk to a nearby place and get some burgers. It was closed so we sat on benches in the median strip that runs down the middle of Broadway. We were talking, watching the night go by, enjoying the evening when suddenly, and out of nowhere, squad cars surrounded us. A policeman yelled from the window, “Get on the ground!”

I was stunned. And I was scared. Then I was on the ground — with a gun pointed at me. I couldn’t see what was happening but I could feel a policeman’s hand reach into my pocket and remove my wallet. Apparently he looked through and found the ID I kept there. “Happy Birthday,” he said sarcastically. The officers questioned my cousin and friend, asked what they were doing in town, and then said goodnight and left us on the sidewalk. ..

These experiences changed the way I felt about the police. After the third incident I worried when police cars drove by; I was afraid I would be stopped and searched or that something worse would happen. I dress better if I go downtown. I don’t hang out with friends outside my neighborhood in Harlem as much as I used to. Essentially, I incorporated into my daily life the sense that I might find myself up against a wall or on the ground with an officer’s gun at my head. For a black man in his 20s like me, it’s just a fact of life in New York.

Here are a few other facts: last year, the N.Y.P.D. recorded more than 600,000 stops; 84 percent of those stopped were blacks or Latinos. Police are far more likely to use force when stopping blacks or Latinos than whites. In half the stops police cite the vague “furtive movements” as the reason for the stop. Maybe black and brown people just look more furtive, whatever that means. These stops are part of a larger, more widespread problem — a racially discriminatory system of stop-and-frisk in the N.Y.P.D. The police use the excuse that they’re fighting crime to continue the practice, but no one has ever actually proved that it reduces crime or makes the city safer. Those of us who live in the neighborhoods where stop-and-frisks are a basic fact of daily life don’t feel safer as a result.

We need change. When I was young I thought cops were cool. They had a respectable and honorable job to keep people safe and fight crime. Now, I think their tactics are unfair and they abuse their authority. The police should consider the consequences of a generation of young people who want nothing to do with them — distrust, alienation and more crime.

[See the entire article at: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/12/18/opinion/sunday/young-black-and-frisked-by-the-nypd.html?pagewanted=1&emc=eta1]

And, of course, this is not just a NYPD problem. Numerous examples occur across the United States. For example, there’s Sheriff Joe Arpaio in Maricopa County in Arizona who has been a darling of the anti-immigration crowd. The Justice Department has now accused him of “unconstitutional policing” and creating a “pervasive culture of bias” against Latinos.  You can read more at: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/12/17/opinion/the-case-against-sheriff-arpaio.html?emc=eta1.