1. Community-Oriented Policing.
I define Community-Oriented Policing (COP) perhaps more in the way Robert Peel would have defined it — “the people are the police and the police are the people.” As I have defined COP and practiced it in the past it is a deep, personal and intimate relationship between police officers who work collaboratively with citizens on citizen-defined problems and use the method of problem-oriented policing to achieve results. tt recognizes that the strength of this system of policing rests in an officer’s ability to highly relate to those he or she serves. In short, one cop, one neighborhood — in relationship — together!.
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2. Procedural Justice (unconditional respect).
The intention of Procedural Justice is for those who have contact with police, whether, victim or offender, to feel respected. But it is more. More than calling a citizen “sir” or “ma’m.” Procedural Justice gives citizens an opportunity to tell their side of the story. They feel they are receiving procedural justice if an police officer makes decisions in a fair and neutral way, and not on bias. It is about treating all people with dignity and politeness and being able to surmount bias. Practicing Procedural Justice community-wide, by every member of the police department, is a pre-condition to building police trust and support. Without it there will be no trust or support for police. The result will be diminishing police effectiveness and disconnection responding to crime and other social disorder.
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3. Reducing Deadly Force Use.
Moving more strongly into true community-oriented policing, and impressing upon officers the importance of respectful day-to-day encounters with citizens, are important ingredients in this prescription. Unless the reduction of deadly force incidents with community members (especially among the mentally ill and people of color) is significantly reduced, all we hope for will be lost in spite of adequately responding to the first two parts of this prescription. The reduction of deadly force use by police will not become a reality if only policy and training change. I am talkkinng aabout issattitudes; ttitudes about the role of police in our society and the importance of not only enforcing the law fairly and effectively but also while obeying the law and a strong commitment to protect lives. The will result in the need to adjust the attitude among many of our nation’s police. They can no longer see themselves as being the “thin blue line.” Instead, they must see themselves as being the keepers of our Constitution and national values and strongly committed not to take lives except in the most extreme circumstances. These attitudes will be adjusted when police leaders model this prescription and “walk this talk.”
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Effective, supported and trusted police.
The goal of this three-part prescription is to build safe neighborhoods in our nation’s towns and cities by working together with their police. This can only happen if police are seen as legitimate sources of authority, worthy of respect, and citizens see them as helpers and not persecutors. The current situation in which police today find themselves is one of great concern. In the present situation large numbers of our citizens have lost trust in the men and women who police their communities. This is a tragic situation and makes not only the lives of citizens more tenuous and dangerous, but also those of their police.
This way forward must not only be practiced, it must be measured. Police leaders must immediately begin to survey their communities in order to be able to answer whether or not what they are doing in managing crime and disorder is working and whether or not they are supported and trusted by community members. Otherwise, how will leaders know whether or not that which they do is effective in raising support and trust of the community and the overall effectiveness of those whom they lead?
This may not be the only way forward, but in my experience and study, it will get the job done.