Not to move to a higher standard for police use of deadly force will be a disastrous move and one from which police may never recover.
“For decades, the IACP has played a central role in the research, development, and implementation of model polices and best practices regarding the use of force by law enforcement officers. Clearly, this issue is a critical one for both the law enforcement profession and the communities they serve. The IACP is committed to ensuring that officers respond to situations with the appropriate level of force. To that end, the IACP will examine all aspects of the use of force in order to identify potential areas of change.
“However, even as these efforts are underway, it is imperative that we remember that threats come in many forms, not just from firearms. Automobiles, ‘edged weapons’, clubs, and even unarmed physical assaults, can and do injure and kill law enforcement officers and citizens every day.
“It is for these reasons that the IACP is extremely concerned about calls to require law enforcement agencies to unilaterally, and haphazardly, establish use of force guidelines that exceed the ‘objectively reasonable’ standard set forth by the U.S. Supreme Court nearly 30 years ago (Graham v. Connor) (my emphasis). The creation of a multitude of differing policies and use of force standards throughout the United States would, undoubtedly, lead to both confusion and hesitation on behalf of law enforcement officers which in turn would threaten both their safety and that of the citizens they are sworn to protect.
“As we move forward in examining law enforcement’s policies and training procedures regarding use of force it is imperative that any reforms be carefully researched and evidence-based. Only by proceeding in a careful and thoughtful manner can we ensure that both community and officer safety will be enhanced.” (The above is the full text.)
“Agency use-of-force policies should go beyond the legal standard of ‘objective reasonableness’ outlined in the 1989 U.S. Supreme Court decision Graham v. Connor. This landmark decision should be seen as ‘necessary but not sufficient,’ because it does not provide police with sufficient guidance on use of force. As a result, prosecutors and grand juries often find that a fatal shooting by an officer is not a crime, even though they may not consider the use of force proportional or necessary. Agencies should adopt policies and training to hold themselves to a higher standard, based on sound tactics, consideration of whether the use of force was proportional to the threat, and the sanctity of human life…” [Read their full report HERE.]
The IACP seems to be pushing back against PERF’s guidelines for police use of force.
- It will be a terrible mistake for police to stay with the “objective reasonableness” standard of the USSC decision Graham v. Connor because it will not reduced the amount of questionable shootings by police nor will it restore trust in black and brown communities.